When you are familiar with the relative pronouns in English, it will be much easier understanding those in French. At times one may have forgotten the content they learn during English classes, in such cases, there is no need to worry since the topic is easy to understand. People tend to use relative pronouns in their communications hence it will be easier to remember what they were taught in school. To understand the English relative pronouns, you need to know what they are, they include words such as who, which, that, whom and where. In order to understand the pronouns, you need to remember that they all serve different purposes. For instance, they can be sued to point out clearly or accurately identify the person or thing being referred to. Alternatively, pronouns can be used to supply more information about the person or thing being talked about.
You can also use pronouns in grammar to connect the dependent clause or relative clause to the main clause and also to replace the subject, direct object, indirect object, or preposition. There is no difference in the use of the French relative pronouns. The following are the words that serve as relative pronouns in French, they include qui, que, lequel, auquel, duquel, dont and o.
Now let’s understand how the French relative pronouns are used. One of the ways in which the pronouns Qui and que are used is to refer to things or persons. The main difference between qui and que is that the former is used for the subject whereas the latter refers to a direct object.
For purposes of understanding, lequel serve the same purpose as the English relative pronoun “which” which is used for indirect objects. When using lequel, you need to note that it follows the prepositions , de or pour and only used when referring to things.
The other relative pronoun you need to know is dont. The pronoun refers to whose, of whom, of which when translated to English.
The other common French relative pronoun is o which is used to refer to places and times. The English counterpart of o could either be where, when or even which and that, depending on how it is used. Alternatively, o can be used as the question word where and the way it is used as an interrogative pronoun is the same as its use as a relative pronoun. This implies that the pronoun covers both place and time in its relative pronoun function and takes the job of “when” as well, aside from “where”. This article is therefore useful to people who want to understand the French relative pronouns.